Fátima is a civil parish in the municipality of Ourém in the Portuguese Santarém District. The Population in 2011 was around 11,596 in an area of 71.84 km..
Fátima is a civil parish in the municipality of Ourém in the Portuguese Santarém District. The Population in 2011 was around 11,596 in an area of 71.84 km. The parish encompasses several villages and localities of which Fátima, with a population of 7,756 residents, is the largest.
The name of the town and parish is a rendition of the Arabic given name Fátima, reportedly the name of a Moorish princess who Gonçalo Hermigues and his companions kidnapped. The knight took Fatima to a small village of the recently created Kingdom of Portugal, in the Serra de Aire hills. According to the Western narrative, Fatima fell in love with her kidnapper and decided to become herself a Christian to marry him. She was baptized and given a Christian name, Oureana. Arab sources, however claim that Fatima as most Reconquest captives was forced into Christianity but there is no proof to support either scenarios of her conversion.
The history of Fátima is associated with three local children Lúcia, Francisco and Jacinta, who on the 13th of May in 1917 while taking care of their sheeps in Cova da Iria, the local where they would use to play and take care of the sheeps, witnessed an apparition of a lady dressed in white. Cova da Iria is now the Chapel of Apparitions. The lady, later referred to as Our Lady of the Rosary, indicated that she was sent by God with a message of prayer. Our Lady of Fátima promised that she would visit the children on the 13th of every month from May to October. Off course that the 3 children were named as liares, nobody believed that they saw Our Lady, coming from the sky, brighter than the sun ! So Our Lady of Fátima promised the three shepherds to let everyone know that in the 13th of October she will make a miracle. In 1917 of October 13th there was around 70,000 that witnessed the Miracle of the Sun. Our Lady of Fátima sent a message that consisted of three secrets: 1. A vision of Hell, where the souls of the sinful would travel, without prayer. 2. Prophesied the beginning of the Second World War, 3. The mysterious that has been held by the Vatican since 1957.
Lúcia became a nun, and as sister Lúcia, recounted three prior visits from an angel to her and her cousins. Between April and October in 1916, this angel invited them to pray and do penance, visiting them twice in Loca do Cabeço, located in Fatima. Jacinta died in 1919 and Francisco in 1920 from the Spanish fly Epidemic, and where later beatified on th 13th of May 2000 by Popo John Paul II. Lúcia meanwhile remained a nun until she died in 2005.
In order to mark the location of the apparitions, a wooden arch with a cross was initially constructed in Cova de Iria. The faithful began to travel in. On August 6 of 1918, with donations from the public, a small shapel was construced, built from rock and limestone and covered in tile.
Fátima is now known as "the faith, City of Peace" or "Land of Miracles and Apparitions".
The construction of the sanctuary brought local developmente to the region, which eventually allowed the town of Fátima to be elevated to the status of city on July 12 of 1997. There was historically a movement in the parish (primarily from its economic sector), that desired Fátima to become its own municipality.
Dear Lady of Fatima,
We come on bended knee,
To beg Your intercession,
For peace and unity.
Dear Mary, won't You show us,
The right and shining way,
We pledge our love and offer You,
A Rosary each day.
You promised at Fatima,
Each time that You appeared,
To help us if we pray to You,
To banish war and fear.
Dear Lady, on First Saturdays,
We ask Your guiding hand,
For grace and guidance here on earth,
And protection for our land